In our hearts and prayers - the victims of September 11th....
Amtrak began operating passenger service across the US in 1971. In the case of New Jersey, it assumed operations of the Penn-Central routes throughout the Garden State.
All railroads operating inter-city passenger service were given the opportunity to join Amtrak. In New Jersey at that time, the Reading, Jersey Central, Erie-Lackawanna, Penn Central and Path all provided passenger service. Out of those, only the Erie-Lackawanna and Penn Central operated long distance trains. Due to the buy-in costs associated with joining, the Erie-Lackawanna realized that passenger service on its routes were numbered and opted out.
Amtrak's original participants were:
A few railroads continued to operate passenger service for several more years before joining Amtrak. The most interesting was the Southern. The Southern viewed its passenger trains as a great source of pride. The idea of letting go was tough. But, in 1979 during a change in upper management, the Southern became the last Class-1 railroad to stop running passenger service.
In addition to the Southern, the Chicago, Rock Island & Western; Denver, Rio Grande & Western; and the Georgia Railroad later joined.
Amtrak does not have a major facility base in New Jersey. It operates trains on the Northeast Corridor and owns that trackage through New Jersey. In addition, it operates out of most of the Pennsylvania's old stations along that route. But, with the exception of Metro Park in Islin, not much has been added since the Pennsylvania.
For More Information:
It's tough to find a good book on Amtrak. Most books I've seen are more interested in documenting Amtrak's problems that giving information.
(c) 2000 - Phil Paone